Re: "spooky action at a distance"
Joao Leao:
> The association between nonlocality and "retrocausality"
> (for lack of a better word) is anything but simple! In any
> case it has less to do with the flow of time than with its
> negation! [...]
Bell's theorem shows that, given the hidden variable lambda,
the result of the experiment at B is dependent on the angle
of the measurement at A, *or* the the result of experiment at
A is dependent on the angle of the measurement at B, *or* both.
Now, because of symmetry, it must be both. Thus, if there are
"retrocausations" (or "influences", or "weak signals" as Ian
Percival calls them) they are in both directions (and with the
same probabilities).
So yes, it is difficult to show that the flow of time is
involved. Antoine Suarez (and the Geneva Group) speaks of
atemporal quantum effects.
Now let us imagine this setup.
I suppose it can be useful also within the MWI, at
least as a possible answer to the question "If we live
in all of them can we pick the cheapest one?". So I go
on trying to describe this gedanken experiment (or
perhaps lunacy).
There is the usual SPDC source, two correlated photons,
mirrors m1 and m2, one human observer, polarization detectors
(measuring photon1) and, very close, 4 boxes to collect photon2.
Of course the path of photon1 is shorter that the path of
photon2, so there is a timedelay, for photon2 going
into one of those boxes (possible delayed choice here?).
m1
/<<source>> detectors



\>> boxes (1,2,3,4)
m2
Now the observer can measure, with his detectors, or the
linear polarization of his photon1, or the circular
polarization of his photon1.
Of course the observer, having measured his photon1,
can predict what is the polarization state of photon2.
There are 4 possibilities: linear/x, linear/y, circular/+,
circular/.
Being very short the distance between detectors and
boxes, the observer has time (due to that timedelay)
to move there and pick up the right box (that one with the
right label: linear/x, linear/y, circular/+, circular/)
and collect, into the right box, the photon2 which
is arriving.
This is possible because he *knows* what was his *choice*
while measuring, with detectors, the polarization state
(linear *or* circular) of photon1. And he also *knows*
what was the measurement outcome for photon1: i.e.
linear/x, or circular/+, or ...
This is also possible because the observer has *time* to
move to the other location and pick up the right box,
to collect photon2.
But before observer makes his *choice* the photons
(and especially photon2, which is "late") were
already flying.
So you could ask: what was the polarization state of
photon2, before the observer made his choice measuring,
with his detectors, the polarization state of photon1?
The answer seems to be that photon2 fits equally well
in both categories, that is to say: linear polarization
and circular polarization. Thus neither of these
properties can be ascribed to it as an objective property.
Now you can also ask: what if I cut the path lenght
of photon2 and I make it equal to the path lenght
of photon1? It happens that the observer becomes
unable to move from the detectors location to
the boxes location, because there is no timedelay
now. So, in these conmditions, the observer, loses
control of the situation. His information remains
hidden, or useless, ot impossible. But this, imo,
does not mean that photons gain some objectiveness.
Or not?
Of course you excluded the possibility of (weak or strong)
signals traveling FTL, from detectors or from photon1
to photon2. In example making the path lenght of
photon2 much much longer than the coherence lenght
of the photon(s).
But imagine that your procedure (here above) is not
enough, and actually there is some FTL effect.
The interesting point here is that any FTL effect
from detectors or photon1 makes actual, objective
the state of photon2 *before* its measurement.
Received on Fri Nov 14 2003  12:49:33 PST
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