# Re: "I" the mirror

From: Bruno Marchal <marchal.domain.name.hidden>
Date: Thu, 23 Jan 2003 08:18:39 +0100

Hi Stephen,

At 10:52 -0500 22/01/2003, Stephen Paul King wrote:
>Dear Bruno,
>
> Thank you for the reference to the Case papers. It is ironic that his
>argument makes the case for the subtle issue that I am trying to point out
>to you, that there is a grave problem with your model.
>
> In http://www.cis.udel.edu/~case/self-ref.html we find a very
>informative discussion of self-reference and the way that infinite
>regression is avoided by using an "external" aspect to act as a
>"mirror/sketch pad" for the machine to use as a self-referential imaging
>system. While I do have some reservation regarding the assumption that N ->
>N functions can completely capture physics and the exclusive usage of Well
>founded statements in mathematics, I propose to set them aside for the sake
>of a discussion.

BM I am not sure which "external aspect" you allude to. Case'w work relies
on the second recursion of Kleene, which gives easy way to construct
self-referential programs. The "mirror" is really in machine's head.
The basic idea is very easy. Let D be a duplicator in the sense that
the program D applied to X, written DX, gives a description of X apply to
itself, that is XX.
So DA gives AA. DB gives BB. DC gives CC, ...

What gives DD?

Yes. DD gives DD. It's an example of a duplicating program.

For all transformation T you can generalize and find a program which
computes T applied to itself. Simple reproduction is the particular case
when T = the identity transformation: take a new "duplicator" which
apply to any X, written DX, gives T applied to a description of XX, that
is T(XX). Now DD gives T(DD). DD gives T applied to itself.

So you get self-referential machines by the substitution of some
[variable of some transformation] by duplicator applied to themselves.

You could say that the self-referentiality comes from the language
chosen, but working with Rogers numerical representations, the \phi_i,
you can show the reasoning constructive and machine, or programming
language, independent.

What remains true is that any self-referential program needs a universal
program to run it, for making the self-referentiality manifest.
I have never deny that.

What the universal dovetailer argument shows is that from the
point of view of the machine, if she looks closely enough to its probable
local implementation, that is near its comp substitution level, she will
describe not one universal machines, but MANY one.

QM confirms that. But people have invented selecting rules, like
the collapse of the wave or some guiding potential, making things look
more Aristotelian. But Everett comes and said "why for?".

And I come, if you want, and just say that if you take seriously the
Everett comp then you can ask "why for?" even for the Schroedinger Equation.

Not because you should dismiss it, but because if it is true, it should
be derivable from LOGIC + ARITHMETIC. That the result of the UDA proof.

>SPK:
> Your model, as I understand it, ...

BM:
But I'm afraid you miss the point. It is not a "model". It is not
a theory.
It is a "theorem", a deductive argument. If you don't understand it,
you should tell me at which step of the reasoning you are stuck.

I am not so interested in knowing if the hypotheses are true. I am
enough glad for showing them refutable.

When a computationalist practitioners accepts an artificial digital
the real thing.

In case he survives (= COMP) he can bet he is immaterial. He can choose
is body and travel on the nets, without any stable body. The UDA result
is that this imateriality is contagious, in some sense, the environment
cannot be more material than himself. Descartes, Hume, and Kant have
partially describe this.

SPK:
>would seem to make the "mirror/ sketch
>pad" to be a derivative or "epiphenomenona" of the UD,

BM:
Why epiphenomena? They are phenomenal appearances, stable patterns in
consistent machines memories. Dreams if you want, but stable
dreams in which they have partial control ...
And thanks to the G/G* difference we get communicable and
incommunicable truth. Thanks to the Z/Z* difference we get
room for both physical measure and physical sensations, as
uncommunicable physical result of (self)measurement.

SPK:
>e.g. that physicality
>itself is merely derived from the intetionality of arithmetic statements,

BM:
Yes.

SPK:
>what x implies about y. My argument is that if physicality is mere
>epiphenomenona, is it sufficient to merely have a "belief" by S that x
>implies y to have a causal consequence on the possible behavior of S, such
>that if x did not imply y behavior would be 3-person distinguishable?

BM:
... would be 1-person plural distinguishable (for the technical reason
that the quantum, seems to appear at the star level. I am not yet sure).
But you are right. That is, if that is believable and consistent.
It is not that mind acts on matter, but it is more like the arithmetical
border of mind defines matter. Roughly speaking.

SPK:
> What I seem to be getting at is how do you relate 1-uncertainty to
>3-person belief? I see the paper by Pratt that I have mentioned before makes
this.

BM:
We will come back later on Pratt. It is very technical and he redefined
mind and body in a very special sense. I guess something interesting. We will
see if it helps for the Z1(*) semantics ...