Re: a possible paradox

From: Matt King <>
Date: Thu, 30 Oct 2003 11:41:55 +0000

Hello Stathis and James,

   In answer to the first question, does the multiverse inlude perfect
duplications of entire universes, the answer is yes with a but. Any
particular universe in it can be sliced up in any number of ways, just
as 1 = (1/n + 1/n + 1/n..... n times) for any value of n. This gives
rise to a picture of a very large number of universes differentiating
from each other as time moves forward, as opposed to the more
conventional picture of a single universe splitting as time moves
forward. Both pictures seem to be mathematically valid and mutually
compatible, IMHO. The fact that at a particular instant any given
universe has multiple possible futures means that any given universe can
be considered as a sum of however many identical copies of that universe
you like.

   In answer to the second question, in addition to these perfect
duplications, there are duplications that differ only by the state of a
single photon somewhere in a galaxy on the other side of the universe
(i.e. arbitrarily close), as well as 'duplications' that share nothing
in common with our universe save the laws of physics, and everything in

   In the plenitude theories of Max Tegmark and others, the requirement
that other universes share the same laws of physics and the same big
bang is relaxed.

   Hope this helps,


Stathis Papaioannou wrote:

> Let me add a postscript to this quicky: does the multiverse include
> perfect duplications, or only arbitrarily close to perfect - and does
> it make a difference?
> Stathis
>> From: James N Rose <>
>> To:
>> Subject: Re: a possible paradox
>> Date: Wed, 29 Oct 2003 15:52:30 -0800
>> quicky:
>> does the multiverses version of existence
>> include perfect duplications - included
>> redundencies - of universes?
>> James
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Received on Thu Oct 30 2003 - 07:48:40 PST

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